Diagnosis Of Clients – The Difference Between Models Of Treatment

Clinical psychologists and psychiatrists commonly carry out a diagnostic interview for mental disorders as part of their initial contact with clients. Counsellors and psychotherapist do this less frequently.

Diagnostic tool: DSM IV

One of the main diagnostic systems currently used is the ‘Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) IV’, published by the American Psychological Association (APA). This manual provides a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders. Even though the manual, with its diagnostic classifications, is widely used throughout the medical and mental health system in many countries beyond the USA; it has also attracted controversy and criticism.

In its historical development it is interesting to note that it has been revised five times since its first publication in 1952, with the last revision in 1994 plus a ‘text revision’ in 2000. Over the years they gradually included more mental disorders and some have been removed, for example ‘homosexuality’. The fifth edition is in planning and preparation and is due to come out in 2013.

What is it used for and why?

The manual, as mentioned above, is mainly used in the medical world and in the mental health system. Hospital staff, clinic staff and insurance companies use it to communicate about a patient’s diagnosis after they have evaluated them. The DSM has also been used to categorize patients for research purposes.

When used by people without adequate training it can lead to inappropriate application and labeling of people’s behavior, which is part of the criticism.

Models of treatment

The medical and mental health approach to treating clients often shows an emphasis on problems, disorders and distress. The treatment involves medication, behavior modification, cognitive behavior therapy or admission to clinics or treatment centers.

Client focused approaches like psychodynamic therapy or psychoanalytical therapy work with the premise that human beings are all the same, have experienced suffering or catastrophes in their lives and are generally working with client’s historical problems in order to find reasons for their presenting issues. These approaches believe that the client is able to work towards their own well-being in a self-regulating fashion.

My conclusion

It is important in my view to keep your eyes and ears open for what the client is presenting regarding their internal and external world, both in what is happening in present and what has happened in the past, rather than relying solely on a tool such as the DSM IV. I am continuously amazed by my clients when seeing the bigger picture of what they present with and the changes that can occur once past trauma and suffering has been healed.

Want to know more? Have a look at my blog.

Nathalie Himmelrich is the founder of ‘Reach for the Sky Therapy’ on Sydney’s Northern Beaches and specialises in ‘relationship related issues’. She is working with individuals and couples using techniques ranging from Counselling, Neuro Linguistic Programming to Journey Therapy. She supports clients in their personal growth in a supportive and professional environment.

5 Accredited Ultrasound Technician Schools in Orange County CA or Nearby

With a population of more than three million people, Orange County, California is a delightful mix of beaches, parks and well-known cities like Santa Ana, Newport Beach and Anaheim. It has a strong economy, and the County of Orange serves as the regional service provider for public health. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers will find a growing healthcare system offering plenty of employment opportunities and a community with a strong interest in healthy living.

Sonography Education in Orange County, California

There are two CAAHEP accredited diagnostic medical sonography schools in Orange County, California. One program is in the city of Cypress in the north part of the county, and is offered by Cypress College. The other is in Costa Mesa in the southern section of the country and is offered by Orange Coast College. The two cities are approximately 16 miles apart, so sonography students can access whichever program is accepting applications. However, there are also CAAHEP accredited programs in Loma Linda and Alhambra, which are in different counties but are less than 50 miles from Orange County. Every school has a financial aid office that can provide a lot of information about available scholarships for sonography study.

Attending a program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs is the best decision. These programs are designed to ensure students get the right kind of training needed to meet the ARDMS requirements to sit for exams in order to earn ultrasound certification. There are over 250,000 college and university enrollments in Orange County as of 2014, which is an extremely large student population.

Salary and Job Outlook for Sonographers in Orange County, California

The U.S. Labor Department recognizes Orange Co., CA as the Metropolitan Statistical Area of Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA. The May 2013 occupational survey reveals that Diagnostic Medical Sonographers earn excellent annual wages in this area at $77,510 or $37.29 per hour. Compare this to the 67,170 average annual wage or $32.29 per hour for all sonography jobs in the United States. Experience counts in Orange County, with the top 10 percent of sonographers earning $110,330 annually. Orange County has an excellent employment outlook for sonographers also and has experienced continued job growth in the education and health services sector year-over-year.

Accredited Ultrasound Technician Programs in Orange County or Nearby

School Name: Cypress College
Address: 9200 Valley View Street, Cypress 90630
Contact Person: Lynn Mitts
Contact Phone: (714) 484-7221
Program: Certificate

School Name: Orange Coast College
Address: 2701 Fairview Road, Costa Mesa 92628
Contact Person: Cynthia Lynn Reber-Bonhall
Contact Phone: (714) 432-5531
Program: Associates Degree

School Name: Loma Linda University
Address: 11234 Anderson St., Nichol Hall A829, Loma Linda 92354
Contact Person: Marie Delange
Contact Phone: (909) 558-4931
Program: Certificate

School Name: Platt College Los Angeles, LLC
Address: 1000 South Fremont Ave., Suite A9 West, Alhambra 91803
Contact Person: Blanca Caro
Contact Phone: (626) 300-5444
Program: Associates Degree

School Name: University of California San Diego Medical Center
Address: 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego 92103
Contact Person: Nannette Forsythe
Contact Phone: (619) 543-6617
Program: Certificate